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The National Platform - Integrated Sustainable Waste Management - Sri Lanka is a collective effort for adopting integrated, economically feasible and environmentally sound sustainable waste management practices in Sri Lanka. It intends to integrate efforts from government institutions, private sector firms and civil society organizations.
 
 
Intergrated Sustainable Waste Management National Forum - Sri Lanka
  Waste Management Options
   Introduction
 
According to the concept of Integrated Sustainable Waste Management, there are six main principles which should be considered when looking at waste management:
   Hierarchy of Waste Management Options
 
1. Minimizing the generation of waste at source
2. Minimizing the negative environmental impacts of waste produced
3. Reusing materials in their current state
4. Recycling, composting and recovering materials for use in a different state
5. Recovering energy through incineration, anaerobic degradation etc
6. Disposing of remaining waste in an environmentally safe manner (usually in sanitary landfills)

These six principles form a hierarchy, with the most desirable option being the minimization of the creation of waste in the first place, and the least desirable being disposal of waste in a landfill. ISWM takes an integrated approach and provides a framework for selecting the appropriate technologies. Such a system will usually incorporate all of these elements at various levels of society (household, city etc) and will also take into account interactions of the waste management system with other urban systems.
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